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Diet and Nutrition

“Nutrition Links”

National Kidney Foundation’s Kidney Disease
Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-K/DOQI™)


The National Kidney Foundation is developing guidelines for clinical care to improve patient outcomes. The information presented in booklet form in the following links is based on the K/DOQI™ recommended guidelines for nutrition. All K/DOQI™ guidelines provide information and assist your doctor or health care team in making decisions about your treatment. The guidelines are available to doctors and other members of the healthcare team. If you have any questions about these guidelines, you should speak to your doctor or the health care team at your treatment center.

Dietary Guidelines for Adults Starting on Hemodialysis

Nutrition and Chronic Kidney Disease (PDF)*

Nutrition and Hemodialysis (PDF)*

Nutrition and Peritoneal Dialysis (PDF)*

*  Adobe Reader is required to view these Booklets.  To download the latest version of Adobe Reader  Click Here

Additional Nutrition Links

Diet and Kidney Stones  –  If you have kidney stones, you may need to follow a special diet. First, your doctor will run tests to find out what type of stones you form. From these, the doctor can determine which diet changes may be right for you. A registered dietitian can help you make the necessary changes in your diet.

Potassium and Your CKD Diet – Potassium is a mineral found in many of the foods you eat. It plays a role in keeping your heartbeat regular and your muscles working right. It is the job of healthy kidneys to keep the right amount of potassium in your body. However, when your kidneys are not healthy, you often need to limit certain foods that can increase the potassium in your blood to a dangerous level. You may feel some weakness, numbness and tingling if your potassium is at a high level. If your potassium becomes too high, it can cause an irregular heartbeat or a heart attack.

Phosphorus and your CKD Diet – Phosphorus is a mineral found in your bones. Along with calcium, phosphorus is needed for building healthy strong bones, as well as keeping other parts of your body healthy. Normal working kidneys can remove extra phosphorus in your blood. When you have Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) your kidneys cannot remove phosphorus very well. High phosphorus levels can cause damage to your body. Extra phosphorus causes body changes that pull calcium out of your bones, making them weak. High phosphorus and calcium levels also lead to dangerous calcium deposits in blood vessels, lungs, eyes, and heart. Phosphorus and calcium control is very important for your overall health. 

6 Easy Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones

Sodium and Your CKD Diet

Herbal Supplements and Kidney Disease